Friday, April 17, 2009

Who Shall Mourn

This is the rest stop on Route 7, at the Hammondsville exit. I was told at one time that location was a children's home (pictured right)-the McCullough Children's Home of Jefferson County. If it was the place, there is no sign of the building anywhere. The story I heard was one of mystery. Apparently, a picnic is held here every so often from people who had lived in the home at some point in their lives. They refer to themselves as survivors. Was the children's home a place of death and misery? If that is the case, no wonder no mention is made of the place.

What is there, however, is this plaque. It tells the story of Chief Logan and how his entire family is massacred. Here is a little bit
of what I could find about this story on the net.

Cresap, Michael (krē'săp) , 1742–75, American frontiersman and soldier, b. Allegany co., Md. A Native American fighter, he was accused by Thomas Jefferson and others of massacring the family of the friendly Native American chief Logan and thus starting (1774) Lord Dunmore's War. But this is denied by most modern historians who accept a letter from George Rogers Clark stating that Cresap was with him at the time of the massacre. Cresap fought in the war, and after the American Revolution began he became (1775) captain of a company of riflemen. Cresap drove his men at such a hard pace to support the patriots at Boston—traveling 550 mi (885 km) in 22 days—that he died of exhaustion as a result.
Cresap's War was a desultory warfare with the Ohio River Indians in the spring of 1774. Capt. Michael Cresap was a leader in this warfare. Among other incidents, on April 26, 1774, he had a skirmish with Indians on the river. Four days later the family of Logan, a noted Indian chieftain, was lured across the Ohio from its camp on Yellow Creek, intoxicated and brutally murdered. Out of this affair came Logan's famous speech, included by Jefferson in the Notes on Virginia. Likewise, arose the revengeful ravages of Logan and his followers, which precipitated Lord Dunmore's War. Jefferson and others put the blame on Cresap. Later investigations have shown that Daniel Greathouse was the leader in the Yellow Creek massacre, Cresap being absent.
Meanwhile, Lord Dunmore was approaching, when he received other messengers from the Indians asking for peace, which was granted.
It was on this occasion that the celebrated chief, Logan, made a speech to Lord Dunmore which made him famous. He said: "I appeal to any white man to say, if he ever entered Logan's cabin hungry and he gave him no meat; if ever he came cold and naked and he clothed him not. During the course of the last long and bloody war, Logan remained in his cabin, an advocate for peace. Such was his love for the whites, that his countrymen pointed as they passed, and said: 'Logan is the friend of the white men.' I had even thought to have lived with you but for the injuries of one man. Colonel Cresap, the last spring, in cold blood and unprovoked, murdered all the relations of Logan, not even sparing my children. There runs not a drop of my blood in the veins of any living creature. This called on me for revenge. I have sought it. I have killed many. I have fully glutted my vengeance. For my country I rejoice at the beams of peace, but do not harbor a thought that mine is the joy of fear. Logan never felt fear. He will not turn on his heel to save his life. Who is there to mourn for Logan? Not one."
It will be remembered that Logan was a Six Nations chief, whose father Shikelimo, was a resident chief sent by the Six Nations to live among the Delawares. He named his son Logan, after James Logan, a conspicuous personage in the province. During the French and Indian war, Logan acted only as peacemaker. After the close of the Cresap war he became morose and drank heavily. He made a mistake in saying that Cresap murdered his family; the party under Greathouse committed that offense. While on a journey from Detroit to Miami, several years after this, Logan was murdered

Lots of history there. The story of the exact massacre is very sketchy however. I noted that two of Logans family were lured across the Ohio River and brutally murdered, including skalping them. But there was also a second attack that killed even children, though there is almost nothing I can find that states exactly what happened there. These are things I did not know about. I have driven past Fort Pitt and now I would like to actually visit the Fort and maybe do a little ghost hunting. The Rt 7 rest stop is worth a moment of your time.