Friday, March 22, 2013

The Battle of Chicamauga

******* This is a battle I had never heard of from the Civil War. It occured on Sept 19-20, 1863 in Catoosa and Walker County Georgia. It was the most significant Union defeat in the Western Theater of the American Civil War and it also had the second largest number of casualties in the war, just under Gettysburg. It was named for the Chickamauga Creek, which was close to the battlefield. The Commanders for this battle were Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans,pictured on the left, for the Union and Gen. Braxton Bragg, pictured on the right for the Confederate Army. This battle was considered a Confederate Victory. The Union had approximately 60,000 soldiers, with 1,657 killed, 9,756 wounded, and 4,757 captured/missing. The Confederates had approximately 65,000 soldiers with 2,312 killed, 14,674 wounded, and 1,468 captured/missing. I can not imagine seeing over 23,000 injured in one place. Caualties for this battle equaled 42% of all the soldiers who fought that day. This battle found some people with history in Columbiana County fighting for the Union Army. Maj. Gen. Alexander McD. McCook of the Fighting McCooks, along with Col. Daniel McCook Jr., and Col. Edward M. McCook. The McCook Family has roots in Lisbon, Ohio, where their patriarch, George McCook is buried at Lisbon Cemetery. Here is a list of this awesome fighting family: "Tribe of Dan"

Daniel McCook (1798–1863), Major, killed in action at the Battle of Buffington Island during Morgan's Raid Dr. Latimer A. McCook (1820–1869), Major, 31st Illinois Infantry, wounded at Vicksburg and again during Sherman's March to the Sea; died of complications from his wounds and exposure following the war

George Wythe McCook (1821–1877), Lt. Colonel, 2nd Ohio Infantry; Colonel, 157th Ohio Infantry; Ohio Attorney General and candidate for Governor of Ohio Robert Latimer McCook (1827–1862), Brigadier General, killed by one of John Hunt Morgan's cavalrymen near Salem, Alabama, as he laid in an ambulance after a previous injury.

Alexander McDowell McCook (1831–1903), Major General; commanded XX Corps

Daniel McCook, Jr. (1834–1864), Brigadier General, killed in action at Kennesaw Mountain

Edwin Stanton McCook (1837–1873), Brevet Major General and Governor of the Dakota Territory, assassinated in office

Charles Morris McCook, (1843–1861), Private, 2nd Ohio Infantry, killed in action at the First Battle of Bull Run; died in his father's arms. He had declined an offer of a Lieutenant's commission in the regular army and is buried in Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, Ohio.[1]

John James McCook (lawyer) (1845–1911), Colonel, prominent postbellum New York attorney and railroad executive (Another son, J. James McCook (1823–1842), had died near Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, while serving in the United States Navy)

"Tribe of John"

Dr. John James McCook (1806–1865), volunteer surgeon during the Civil War Edward Moody McCook (1833–1909), Major General and Governor of the Colorado Territory

Anson George McCook (b. 1835–1917), Brevet Brigadier General and postbellum politician

Roderick McCook (1839–1886), Commander, first Naval officer to capture a Confederate regiment

Henry Christopher McCook (1837–1911), Lieutenant, Presbyterian Chaplain; tended to the wounded and often joined in the fighting

John James McCook (professor) (b. 1843), Lieutenant, Presbyterian Chaplain, seriously wounded in Northern Virginia and left the service.

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