Friday, March 22, 2013

The Battle of Gettysburg-Bloodiest Battle of the Civil War

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The above picture is an actual picture from the Battle of Gettysburg, fought on July 1-3, 1863. It is called "The Harvest of Death": Union dead on the battlefield at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, photographed July 5 or July 6, 1863, by Timothy H. O'Sullivan.

One of the battles featured on the Civil War Monumental Building at Riverview Cemetery, it is a battle that most people are familiar with. For those of us who are ghost hunters, it is the Mecca of Paranormal Investigative sights to visit. I have not been there yet, so it is on my bucket list. Without a doubt, one of the most haunted places in the United States, here are a few reasons why. There were 93,921 soldiers fighting for the Union at Gettysburgh under the guidance of

Maj. Gen. George Gordon Meade

and Maj. Gen. John F. Reynolds, who was killed on July 1, the first day of battle by a gun shot to the neck/head.

The Confederates States were lead by Robert E. Lee, with 71,699 soldiers.

This would end up being counted as a Union Victory, but no one truly won this battle. Casualties included:

North: 23,055 total, broken down as 3,155 killed, 14,531 wounded, and 5,369 captured/missing.

South: 23,231 total, broken down as 4,708 killed, 12,693 wounded, and 5,830 captured/missing.

It is on record as the bloodiest battle for the entire Civil War. This battle occurred right in Gettysburg, resulting in one civilian death, that of a young woman named Jennie, who was only 20. She was in her kitchen making bread (a war is going on outside her home and she was making bread? Amazing)and a bullet came through the window and struck her. There were over 3000 horses killed and they were stacked up in piles and burned. Remember, it is July when this battle occurred and the dead bodies, men and animals, were causing a terrible stench.

The Gettysburg National Cemetery pictured above is one of the most revered landmarks in the United States. (Thank you Wikipedia ) There are only Union Soldiers buried here. What happened to the Confederate dead? The southern dead were removed to cemeteries in North and South Carolina, Georgia, and Virginia between 1871 and 1873. Most of the Confederate dead were interred at Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia in a special section set aside specifically for the casualties of Gettysburg.

I would love to go to Gettyburgh someday. Maybe after I find all the haunted places right here in Columbiana County!

The Battle of Chicamauga

******* This is a battle I had never heard of from the Civil War. It occured on Sept 19-20, 1863 in Catoosa and Walker County Georgia. It was the most significant Union defeat in the Western Theater of the American Civil War and it also had the second largest number of casualties in the war, just under Gettysburg. It was named for the Chickamauga Creek, which was close to the battlefield. The Commanders for this battle were Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans,pictured on the left, for the Union and Gen. Braxton Bragg, pictured on the right for the Confederate Army. This battle was considered a Confederate Victory. The Union had approximately 60,000 soldiers, with 1,657 killed, 9,756 wounded, and 4,757 captured/missing. The Confederates had approximately 65,000 soldiers with 2,312 killed, 14,674 wounded, and 1,468 captured/missing. I can not imagine seeing over 23,000 injured in one place. Caualties for this battle equaled 42% of all the soldiers who fought that day. This battle found some people with history in Columbiana County fighting for the Union Army. Maj. Gen. Alexander McD. McCook of the Fighting McCooks, along with Col. Daniel McCook Jr., and Col. Edward M. McCook. The McCook Family has roots in Lisbon, Ohio, where their patriarch, George McCook is buried at Lisbon Cemetery. Here is a list of this awesome fighting family: "Tribe of Dan"

Daniel McCook (1798–1863), Major, killed in action at the Battle of Buffington Island during Morgan's Raid Dr. Latimer A. McCook (1820–1869), Major, 31st Illinois Infantry, wounded at Vicksburg and again during Sherman's March to the Sea; died of complications from his wounds and exposure following the war

George Wythe McCook (1821–1877), Lt. Colonel, 2nd Ohio Infantry; Colonel, 157th Ohio Infantry; Ohio Attorney General and candidate for Governor of Ohio Robert Latimer McCook (1827–1862), Brigadier General, killed by one of John Hunt Morgan's cavalrymen near Salem, Alabama, as he laid in an ambulance after a previous injury.

Alexander McDowell McCook (1831–1903), Major General; commanded XX Corps

Daniel McCook, Jr. (1834–1864), Brigadier General, killed in action at Kennesaw Mountain

Edwin Stanton McCook (1837–1873), Brevet Major General and Governor of the Dakota Territory, assassinated in office

Charles Morris McCook, (1843–1861), Private, 2nd Ohio Infantry, killed in action at the First Battle of Bull Run; died in his father's arms. He had declined an offer of a Lieutenant's commission in the regular army and is buried in Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, Ohio.[1]

John James McCook (lawyer) (1845–1911), Colonel, prominent postbellum New York attorney and railroad executive (Another son, J. James McCook (1823–1842), had died near Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, while serving in the United States Navy)

"Tribe of John"

Dr. John James McCook (1806–1865), volunteer surgeon during the Civil War Edward Moody McCook (1833–1909), Major General and Governor of the Colorado Territory

Anson George McCook (b. 1835–1917), Brevet Brigadier General and postbellum politician

Roderick McCook (1839–1886), Commander, first Naval officer to capture a Confederate regiment

Henry Christopher McCook (1837–1911), Lieutenant, Presbyterian Chaplain; tended to the wounded and often joined in the fighting

John James McCook (professor) (b. 1843), Lieutenant, Presbyterian Chaplain, seriously wounded in Northern Virginia and left the service.